Aerial images of the desert region of Turgai in northern Kazakhstan reveal gigantic geometric figures that resemble the famous Nazca Lines in Peru and are only noticeable at high altitudes.
These unusual drawings were discovered by Dmitriy Dey, an amateur archaeologist from Kazakhstan, with the help of Google Earth, and, since then, their origin and the function of the strange formations continue to intrigue researchers.
These formations, which from a great height, reveal clear and intriguing geometric patterns and drawings made on the ground. Only small mounds of earth and wood are seen from the ground, but they form circles, crosses, or lines with sizes varying between 90 and 400 meters.
In terms of comparison, the most well-known geoglyphs today are the Nazca Lines in Peru, which, according to estimates, were created 1,500 years ago. According to Dey, the Mahanzhar culture inhabited the region between 7000 BC and 5000 BC and could have created some of the oldest forms. He also believes that these structures were used to observe and follow the movements of the Sun, just as Stonehenge worked.
The largest of the structures is located next to an old settlement from the Neolithic Period, also called the Polished Stone Age, and contains a square formed by 101 small hills whose opposite corners are connected by a diagonal cross. The combined area of this formation is more significant than that of the Great Pyramid of Cheops in Egypt.
The research is being conducted by a team from Kazakhstan’s Kostanay University and Lithuania’s Vilnius University. “So far, we can say only one thing: geoglyphs were built by ancient peoples. For whom and what purpose, a mystery remains”, said the researchers.
It is believed that these enormous engravings, which cover an area of 692 km, could reveal details about the ancient rituals of the peoples of the region, but so far, attempts to decipher them have been in vain.
NASA asked astronauts at the International Space Station to take more images of the region to help decipher the geoglyphs. They also hope to obtain information about geoglyphs from other places in the world, including Peru’s Nazca Lines.
According to NASA, the figures were made 8,000 years ago, and their colossal size is surprising. “I’ve never seen anything like this before. We want to map the entire region from the material we can.” Said Compton J. Tucker, a NASA scientist.
“Building these structures requires a large number of people and requires a huge effort,” explains Giedre Motuzaite Matuzeviciute, an archaeologist at the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom who visited the site.
It remains to be seen whether some ancient civilization built these formations for art, communication, rituals, or some other purpose far beyond our reach.